Publications

2021

21-01 Adam Kopper, Diran Apelian, “Predicting Quality of Castings via Supervised Learning Method”, accepted for publication in Inter J. Metalcast (January 2021).

21-02 Shiqi Zheng, Rosalía Rementeria, Wenbin Kan, Mingjie Xu, Jin Huang, Yu Huang, Xiaoqing Pan, Diran Apelian, Yongfeng Liang, Junpin Lin, Marcos Perez, Xiaochun Li, “Nanoparticle Enabled High Performance High Modulus Steels”, Scripta Materialia, doi: 10.1016/j.scriptamat.2021.113954.

21-05 Shiguang Deng, Carl Soderhjelm, Diran Apelian, Ramin Bostanabad, “Reduced- Order Multiscale Modeling of Plastic Deformations in 3D Cast Metallic Alloys with Spatially Varying Microstructures”, accepted for publication in Journal of Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering (CMAME), August 2021.

21-06 Cheng Zhang, Xin Wang, mingjie xu, Benjamin MacDonald, Rongjie Hong, Chaoyi Zhu, Xueying Dai, Kenneth Vecchio, Diran Apelian, Horst Hahn, Julie Schoenung, and Enrique J. Lavernia, “Orientation-dependent superelasticity of a metastable high-entropy alloy”, Appl. Phys. Lett. 119, 161908 (2021); https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0066130

21-07 Jayme Keist, Yuandng Li, Diran Apelian, “Fluidized Bed Heat Treating of Magnesium Alloy Mg-1.5%Nd-0.2%Y-0.2Zn-0.4%Zr”, accepted for publication in Inter. J. Metalcast (September 2021).

21-08 Shiguang Deng, Carl Soderhjelm, Diran Apelian, Krishnan Suresh, “Estimation of Elastic Behavior of Cast Metal Components Containing Process Induced Porosity”, Computers and Structures 254 (2021) 106558.

21-09 Mohammad Asadikiya, Yifan Zhang, Libo Wang, Diran Apelian, Yu Zhong, “Design of Ternary High-Entropy Aluminum Alloys (HEAls)”, J of Alloys and Compounds, 2021, 161836, ISSN 0925-8388, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jallcom.2021.161836 https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S092583882103245X

21-10 Mohammad Asadikiya, Songge Yang, Yifan Zhang, Connor Lemay, Diran Apelian, and Yu Zhong, “A Review of the Design of High-Entropy Aluminum Alloys: A Pathway for Novel Al Alloys”, Journal of Materials Science, 56(21), 12093-12110 (doi:10.1007/s10853-021-06042-6).

21-12 D. Apelian and A. Kopper, ,“The Transformation of Metal Processing Industries with the Advent of Artificial Intelligence” accepted for publication J. of Industrial Heating (October 2021).

2020

20-01 J. Lienhard, C. Crook, M.Z. Azar, M. Hassani, D.R. Mumm, D. Veysset, D. Apelian, K.A. Nelson, V. Champagne, A. Nardi, C.A. Schuh, L. Valdevit, “Surface Oxide and Hydroxide Effects on Aluminum Microparticle Impact Bonding”, Acta Materialia 197 (2020) 28–39.

20-02 Ning Sun, Adam Kopper, Rasika Karkare, Randy C. Paffenroth, and Diran Apelian, “Machine Learning Pathway for Harnessing Knowledge and Data in Material Processing”, International Journal of Metalcasting/Volume 15, Issue 2, , pp 398-410 (2021).

20-03 Adam Kopper, Rasika Karkare, Randy C. Paffenroth, Diran Apelian, “Model Selection and Evaluation for Machine Learning: Deep Learning in Materials Processing”, Integr Mater Manuf Innov 9, 287–300 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s40192-020-00185-1

20-04 Adam Kopper, D. Apelian, “Predicting Quality of Cylinder Block Castings via Supervised Learning Method”, NADCA Transactions, T20-04, 2020 NADCA Congress.

20-05 C. Sodehjelm and D. Apelian, “Control of Thermomechanical Stresses via Conformal Cooling Line Design”, NADCA Transactions, T20-063, 2020 NADCA Congress.

2019

19-04 M. Asadikiya, D. Apelian, Y. Zhong, L. Wang, “Aluminum Alloy with High Strength and Elongation”, U.S. Patent Application Number: 62855946, applied: June 1, 2019.

19-06 Haiyan Gao, Yufei Wang, Jun Wang, Baode Sun, Diran Apelian, “Aging and recrystallization behavior of quaternary Al-0.25Zr-0.03Y-0.10Si Alloy”, Materials Science and Engineering A, 763 (2019) 138160. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.msea.2019.138160

2018

18-01 C. Soderhjelm, D. Apelian, “MultiMaterial Casting – Practical Foundry Guidelines”, in AFS Transactions, 122nd Metalcasting Congress, Fort Worth, Texas, April 3-5, 2018.

18-02 R. De Saro, D. Apelian, D. Spencer, M.S. Mellen “Metal Sorting, Melting and Fabrication Apparatus and Methods”, U.S. Patent No. 9,956,609, patent issue date May 1, 2018. (Patent licensed to Melt Cognition LLC).

18-03 R. Eberheim, C. Soderhjelm, D. Apelian “Metal Based Additive Manufacturing,” filing date May 16, 2018 and 62/672,184 U.S. provisional patent serial number.

18-04 Y. Chen, Y. Fan, Q. Qin, R.D. Sisson, D. Apelian, J. Liang, “Synthesis of Si Anode with a Microsized-Branched Structure from Recovered Al Scrap for use in Li-Ion Batteries”, Journal of Power Sources, Volumes 410-411, 15-31 January 2019, pg. 31-37.

18-07 S. Kelly, B. Secino, J. Karlin, D. Apelian, “Processing Loss of Automotive Aluminum Scrap: Analysis of Landfill Flows and Metallic Yield”, published by the Aluminum Association, 2018.

18-08 N. Sun, D. Apelian, “Friction Stir Processing of Aluminum Alloy A206: Part I- Microstructure Evolution”, International Journal of Metalcasting, Volume 13, Issue 2, April 2019, pg. 234-243.

18-09 N. Sun, W.J. Jones, D. Apelian, “Friction Stir Processing of Aluminum Alloy A206: Part II- Tensile and Fatigue Properties”, International Journal of Metalcasting, International Journal of Metalcasting, Volume 13, Issue 2, April 2019, pg. 244-254.

2017

17-01 A. S. Sabau, S. Mirmiran, C. Glaspie, S. Li, D. Apelian, A. Shyam, A. J. Haynes, and A. F. Rodriguez, “Hot-tearing of multicomponent Al-Cu alloys by casting load measurements in a constrained permanent mold”, TMS 2017 146th Annual Meeting & Exhibition Supplemental Proceedings, The Minerals, Metals & Materials Series, pp. 465-473, DOI 10.1007/978-3-319-51493-2_44.

17-06 W. Chen, L. Thornley, H. Coe, S. Tonneslan, E. Duoss, R. Hunt, M. Wight, D. Apelian, A. Pascall, J. Kuntz, C. Spadaccini, “Direct Metal Writing: Controlling the Rheology through Microstructure”, Appl. Phys. Lett. 110, 094104 (2017).

17-08 S. Kelly and D. Apelian, “Grave-to-Gate: Automotive Aluminum Recycling at End-of-Life”, Light Metal Age, February 2017, pp. 40-43.

17-09 S. Kelly and D. Apelian, “Value Creation Through Enabling Technologies to Up-Cycle Aluminum Scrap”, ESS:M&R3 SME Symposium Proceedings, Denver, CO, February 18-19, 2017.

2016

16-01 C. Dai and D. Apelian “Fabrication and Characterization of Aluminum Dross Containing Mortar Composites: Upcycling of a Waste Product”, Journal of Sustainable Metallurgy, Vol. 3, No.2, June 2017, pp. 230-238.

16-02 S.W. Hudson, J. Craparo, R. De Saro, D. Apelian, “TiB2 Particle Detection in Liquid Aluminum via Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy,” Proceedings of Light Metals 2016, TMS 2016, Nashville, TN

16-04 S. Hudson, D. Apelian, “Inclusion Detection in Molten Aluminum: Current Art and New Avenues for In-Situ Analysis”, International Journal of Metalcasting, Volume 10, Issue 3, July 2016, pp. 289-305.

16-05 V. Angelini, L. Ceschini, A. Morri, D. Apelian, “Influence of Heat Treatment on Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of Rare Earth Rich Magnesium Alloy” International Journal of Metalcasting, vol. 11, issue 3, pp 382-395 (July 2017).

16-06 S. Hudson, J. Craparo, R. De Saro, D. Apelian, “Applications of Laser-induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS) in Molten Metal Processing”, Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B, 48(5), 2017, pp. 2731-2742.

16-08 S.W. Hudson, J. Craparo, R. De Saro, and D. Apelian “Inclusion Detection in Aluminum and Aluminum Alloys via Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy,” Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B, Vol. 49B, April 2018, pp. 658-665.

16-09 C. Soderhjelm, D. Apelian, “Metallurgical Bonding Between Cast-In Ferrous Inserts and Aluminum: Interaction Between Aluminum Alloys and Steel Inserts” La Metallurgia Italian, Volume 6, pp. 93-100.

16-10 S. Hudson, J. Craparo, R. De Saro, D. Apelian, “Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy: A New Tool for Real Time Melt Cognition”, La Metallurgia Italiana, n. 6, June 2016 pp. 5-8.

16-11 High Integrity Casting of Lightweight Components: (Chapter 1: Recovery, Reuse, and Recycling of Aluminum), R. De Saro, S. Kelly, D. Apelian, published by NADCA, Wheeling, IL 2016.

16-12 D. Apelian, S. Kelly, “Sustainable Metal Production of Aluminum: Goodbye Smelting Plants; Hello Mini Mills”, proceedings of Materials Science & Technology 2016 (MS&T), The 8th International Symposium on Green and Sustainable Technologies for Materials Manufacturing and Processing, Salt Lake City, UT October 2016.

16-14 S. Hudson, J. Craparo, R. De Saro, D. Apelian, “Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy: A New Tool for Real Time Metal Quality Measurement”, Die Casting Engineer, July 2016, pp. 2-5.

16-15 D. Apelian, S. Hudson, R. De Saro, J. Craparo, “Apparatus and Method for Measuring Inclusions in Molten Metal Using Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy”, patent applied for September 13, 2013.

16-16 R. Donahue, K. Anderson, J. Lagrant, R. De Saro, S. Hudson, D. Apelian, “Applications of Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS) in Molten Metal Processing”, in proceedings NADCA Congress & Tabletop 2016, Columbus, OH, September 2016.

2015

15-01 S.K. Chaudhury, and D. Apelian, “Effects of Mg and Cu Content on Quench Sensitivity of Al-Si-Mg Alloy”, International Journal of Metalcasting, April 2016, Volume 10, Number 2, pp. 138-146.

15-02 S.K. Chaudhury, D. Apelian, J. Keist, P. Meyer, D. Massinon, and J. Morichon, “Fatigue Performance of Fluidized Bed Heat Treated 319 Alloy Diesel Cylinder Heads”, Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A, Volume 46A, July 2015, pp. 3015-3021.

15-03 S.K. Chaudhury, D. Apelian, P. Meyer, D. Massinon, and J. Morichon, “Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of Heat Treated B319 Alloy Diesel Cylinder Heads”, published Online in Mat & Met Trans., March 31, 2015, Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A, Volume 46A, July 2015, pp. 3276-3286.

15-05 N. Sun and D. Apelian, “Composite Fabrication in Cast Al A206 via Friction Stir Processing”, International Journal of Cast Metals Research, V 28, No. 2, pp 72-80, 2015.

2014

14-01 S.W. Hudson and D. Apelian, “Clean Aluminum Processing: New Avenues for Measurement and Analysis”, in the Proceedings of TMS 2014, San Diego, CA, February 16-20, 2014.

14-02 R. Ghiaasiaan, S. Shankar, D. Apelian, “Control Diffusion Solidification (CDS): An Overview of Mechanism and Application” in the Proceedings of TMS 2014, San Diego, CA, February 16-20, 2014.

14-04 N. Nayak, D. Apelian, “Opportunities and Barriers to Resource Recovery and Recycling from Shredder Residue in the United States”, published on line by JOM March 20, 2014, http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11837-014-0902-6?sa_campaign=email/event/articleAuthor/onlineFirst, and JOM, Vol. 66, No. 11, 2014, pp. 2367-2376.

14-05 D. Apelian, H. Yu, B. Mishra, B. Blanpain, “Integrated Minimill to Produce Aluminum from Scrap”, published in JOM, Vol. 66, No. 3, March 2014, pp. 357- 358.

14-06 S. Li, K. Sadayappan, and D. Apelian, “Effects of Mold Temperature and Pouring Temperature on the Hot Tearing of Cast Al-Cu Alloys”, Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B, Volume 47, Number 5, October 2016, pp. 2979-2990

14-07 S. Li and D. Apelian, “Hot Tearing in Cast Aluminum Alloys: Mechanisms and Process Controls”, Foundry Trade Journal International, Vol. 188, No. 3714, May 2014, pp. 134-138.

14-09 S. Hudson, D. Apelian, “Boride Particle Detection in Al Melts via Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy”, Proceedings of MS&T14, Advances in Metal Casting Technologies Symposium, October 12, 2014, Pittsburgh, PA.

14-13 S.W. Hudson, J. Craparo, R. De Saro, D. Apelian, “SiC Particle Detection in Liquid Aluminum via Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy,” Light Metals 2015, John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

14-15 P. Gasper, D. Apelian, “Electron-Beam Atomic Spectroscopy for In-Situ Measurements of Melt Composition for Refractory Metals: Analysis of Fundamental Physics and Plasma Models”, published by Springer “Online First” 10.1007/s11663-014-0229-2, http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11663-014-0229-2 ; V. 45B, Number 5, October 2014. Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B: Volume 46, Issue 2 (2015), Page 719-732.

2013

13-05 S. Li, K. Sadayappan and D. Apelian, “Role of Grain Refinement in the Hot Tearing of Cast Al-Cu Alloy”, Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B, Vol. 44B, June 2013, pp. 614-622.

13-07 D. Apelian, “Use of Iron-rich High Purity Silicon for Use in the Preparation of Al Cast Alloys: effect on properties and performance”, in the Proceedings of 2013 NADCA Die Casting Congress & Tabletop, September 16-18, 2013, Louisville, KY.

13-08 B. Xing, Y.D. Li, D. Apelian, Y. Ma. T.J. Chen, Y. Hao “Grain Refinement of AZ31 Alloy via Self-Inoculation” Die Casting Engineering (DCE), NADCA, September 2013 pp. 28-34.

13-09 D. Apelian and M. Makhlouf, “Aluminum Die Casting Alloy”, European Patent No. EP 2 396 436 B1, July 24, 2013.

13-11 Y. Li, S. Hu, X. Li, M. He, Y. Ma, and D. Apelian, “Study on Hypereutectic Al-Si Alloys Fabricated by Liquid-liquid Mixing”, Advanced Materials Research, Vol. 815, 2013, pp. 13-18.

13-13 D. Apelian, M. Makhlouf, “Aluminum Die Casting Alloy”, U.S. Patent Application Publication NO. US 2013/0199680 A1, August 8, 2013.

2012

12-01 N. Sun, D. Apelian, “Friction Stir Processing for Localized Strengthening of Die Cast Components”, 5th International Conference High Tech Die Casting, Vicenza. Italy, February 9-10, 2012, Conference Proceedings.

12-02 N. Sun, D. Apelian, “Defect Elimination in Cast Al Components via Friction Stir Processing”, 141st TMS Annual Meeting, Orlando, FL, March 11-15, 2012, Supplemental Proceedings: Volume 2: Materials Properties, Characterization, and Modeling, pp. 411-418.

12-04 S. Li, K. Sadayappan, D. Apelian, “Hot Tearing in Cast Al Alloys: Mechanisms and Process Controls”, 116th Metal Casting Congress, Columbus, OH, April 17-20, 2012, AFS Proceedings 2012, American Foundry Society, Schaumburg, IL, Paper 12-069, pp. 1-7 and in International Journal of Metalcasting, Vol. 6, Issue 3, Summer 2012, pp. 51-57

12-05 Dai, C. and Apelian, D. (2012) Reuse of Al Dross as an Engineered Product, in ICAA13: 13th International Conference on Aluminum Alloys (eds H. Weiland, A. D. Rollett and W. A. Cassada), John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, USA. doi: 10.1002/9781118495292.ch202

12-09 N. Sun, D. Apelian, “Friction Stir Processing for Localized Strengthening of Die Cast Components”, La Metallurgia Italiana, Associazione Italiana di Metallurgia – AIM, Vol. 102, November-December 2012, pp. 3-13.

12-12 N. Sun. D. Apelian, “Friction Stir Processing for Localized Strengthening of Die Cast Components, NADCA Transaction Number T12-072 in NADCA Proceedings 2012.

12-13 N. Nayak, D. Apelian, B. Mishra, and B. Blanpain, “Opportunities and Barriers to Resource Recovery and Recycling from Shredder Residue—A CR3 Communication”, JOM, Vol. 64, No.12, December 2012 pp. 1373-1374.