Publications

2021

21-01 Adam Kopper, Diran Apelian, “Predicting Quality of Castings via Supervised Learning Method”, accepted for publication in Inter J. Metalcast (January 2021).

21-02 Shiqi Zheng, Rosalía Rementeria, Wenbin Kan, Mingjie Xu, Jin Huang, Yu Huang, Xiaoqing Pan, Diran Apelian, Yongfeng Liang, Junpin Lin, Marcos Perez, Xiaochun Li, “Nanoparticle Enabled High Performance High Modulus Steels”, Scripta Materialia, doi: 10.1016/j.scriptamat.2021.113954.

21-05 Shiguang Deng, Carl Soderhjelm, Diran Apelian, Ramin Bostanabad, “Reduced- Order Multiscale Modeling of Plastic Deformations in 3D Cast Metallic Alloys with Spatially Varying Microstructures”, accepted for publication in Journal of Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering (CMAME), August 2021.

21-06 Cheng Zhang, Xin Wang, mingjie xu, Benjamin MacDonald, Rongjie Hong, Chaoyi Zhu, Xueying Dai, Kenneth Vecchio, Diran Apelian, Horst Hahn, Julie Schoenung, and Enrique J. Lavernia, “Orientation-dependent superelasticity of a metastable high-entropy alloy”, Appl. Phys. Lett. 119, 161908 (2021); https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0066130

21-07 Jayme Keist, Yuandng Li, Diran Apelian, “Fluidized Bed Heat Treating of Magnesium Alloy Mg-1.5%Nd-0.2%Y-0.2Zn-0.4%Zr”, accepted for publication in Inter. J. Metalcast (September 2021).

21-08 Shiguang Deng, Carl Soderhjelm, Diran Apelian, Krishnan Suresh, “Estimation of Elastic Behavior of Cast Metal Components Containing Process Induced Porosity”, Computers and Structures 254 (2021) 106558.

21-09 Mohammad Asadikiya, Yifan Zhang, Libo Wang, Diran Apelian, Yu Zhong, “Design of Ternary High-Entropy Aluminum Alloys (HEAls)”, J of Alloys and Compounds, 2021, 161836, ISSN 0925-8388, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jallcom.2021.161836 https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S092583882103245X

21-10 Mohammad Asadikiya, Songge Yang, Yifan Zhang, Connor Lemay, Diran Apelian, and Yu Zhong, “A Review of the Design of High-Entropy Aluminum Alloys: A Pathway for Novel Al Alloys”, Journal of Materials Science, 56(21), 12093-12110 (doi:10.1007/s10853-021-06042-6).

21-12 D. Apelian and A. Kopper, ,“The Transformation of Metal Processing Industries with the Advent of Artificial Intelligence” accepted for publication J. of Industrial Heating (October 2021).

2020

20-01 J. Lienhard, C. Crook, M.Z. Azar, M. Hassani, D.R. Mumm, D. Veysset, D. Apelian, K.A. Nelson, V. Champagne, A. Nardi, C.A. Schuh, L. Valdevit, “Surface Oxide and Hydroxide Effects on Aluminum Microparticle Impact Bonding”, Acta Materialia 197 (2020) 28–39.

20-02 Ning Sun, Adam Kopper, Rasika Karkare, Randy C. Paffenroth, and Diran Apelian, “Machine Learning Pathway for Harnessing Knowledge and Data in Material Processing”, International Journal of Metalcasting/Volume 15, Issue 2, , pp 398-410 (2021).

20-03 Adam Kopper, Rasika Karkare, Randy C. Paffenroth, Diran Apelian, “Model Selection and Evaluation for Machine Learning: Deep Learning in Materials Processing”, Integr Mater Manuf Innov 9, 287–300 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s40192-020-00185-1

20-04 Adam Kopper, D. Apelian, “Predicting Quality of Cylinder Block Castings via Supervised Learning Method”, NADCA Transactions, T20-04, 2020 NADCA Congress.

20-05 C. Sodehjelm and D. Apelian, “Control of Thermomechanical Stresses via Conformal Cooling Line Design”, NADCA Transactions, T20-063, 2020 NADCA Congress.

2019

19-04 M. Asadikiya, D. Apelian, Y. Zhong, L. Wang, “Aluminum Alloy with High Strength and Elongation”, U.S. Patent Application Number: 62855946, applied: June 1, 2019.

19-06 Haiyan Gao, Yufei Wang, Jun Wang, Baode Sun, Diran Apelian, “Aging and recrystallization behavior of quaternary Al-0.25Zr-0.03Y-0.10Si Alloy”, Materials Science and Engineering A, 763 (2019) 138160. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.msea.2019.138160

2018

18-01 C. Soderhjelm, D. Apelian, “MultiMaterial Casting – Practical Foundry Guidelines”, in AFS Transactions, 122nd Metalcasting Congress, Fort Worth, Texas, April 3-5, 2018.

18-02 R. De Saro, D. Apelian, D. Spencer, M.S. Mellen “Metal Sorting, Melting and Fabrication Apparatus and Methods”, U.S. Patent No. 9,956,609, patent issue date May 1, 2018. (Patent licensed to Melt Cognition LLC).

18-03 R. Eberheim, C. Soderhjelm, D. Apelian “Metal Based Additive Manufacturing,” filing date May 16, 2018 and 62/672,184 U.S. provisional patent serial number.

18-04 Y. Chen, Y. Fan, Q. Qin, R.D. Sisson, D. Apelian, J. Liang, “Synthesis of Si Anode with a Microsized-Branched Structure from Recovered Al Scrap for use in Li-Ion Batteries”, Journal of Power Sources, Volumes 410-411, 15-31 January 2019, pg. 31-37.

18-07 S. Kelly, B. Secino, J. Karlin, D. Apelian, “Processing Loss of Automotive Aluminum Scrap: Analysis of Landfill Flows and Metallic Yield”, published by the Aluminum Association, 2018.

18-08 N. Sun, D. Apelian, “Friction Stir Processing of Aluminum Alloy A206: Part I- Microstructure Evolution”, International Journal of Metalcasting, Volume 13, Issue 2, April 2019, pg. 234-243.

18-09 N. Sun, W.J. Jones, D. Apelian, “Friction Stir Processing of Aluminum Alloy A206: Part II- Tensile and Fatigue Properties”, International Journal of Metalcasting, International Journal of Metalcasting, Volume 13, Issue 2, April 2019, pg. 244-254.

2017

17-01 A. S. Sabau, S. Mirmiran, C. Glaspie, S. Li, D. Apelian, A. Shyam, A. J. Haynes, and A. F. Rodriguez, “Hot-tearing of multicomponent Al-Cu alloys by casting load measurements in a constrained permanent mold”, TMS 2017 146th Annual Meeting & Exhibition Supplemental Proceedings, The Minerals, Metals & Materials Series, pp. 465-473, DOI 10.1007/978-3-319-51493-2_44.

17-06 W. Chen, L. Thornley, H. Coe, S. Tonneslan, E. Duoss, R. Hunt, M. Wight, D. Apelian, A. Pascall, J. Kuntz, C. Spadaccini, “Direct Metal Writing: Controlling the Rheology through Microstructure”, Appl. Phys. Lett. 110, 094104 (2017).

17-08 S. Kelly and D. Apelian, “Grave-to-Gate: Automotive Aluminum Recycling at End-of-Life”, Light Metal Age, February 2017, pp. 40-43.

17-09 S. Kelly and D. Apelian, “Value Creation Through Enabling Technologies to Up-Cycle Aluminum Scrap”, ESS:M&R3 SME Symposium Proceedings, Denver, CO, February 18-19, 2017.

2016

16-01 C. Dai and D. Apelian “Fabrication and Characterization of Aluminum Dross Containing Mortar Composites: Upcycling of a Waste Product”, Journal of Sustainable Metallurgy, Vol. 3, No.2, June 2017, pp. 230-238.

16-02 S.W. Hudson, J. Craparo, R. De Saro, D. Apelian, “TiB2 Particle Detection in Liquid Aluminum via Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy,” Proceedings of Light Metals 2016, TMS 2016, Nashville, TN

16-04 S. Hudson, D. Apelian, “Inclusion Detection in Molten Aluminum: Current Art and New Avenues for In-Situ Analysis”, International Journal of Metalcasting, Volume 10, Issue 3, July 2016, pp. 289-305.

16-05 V. Angelini, L. Ceschini, A. Morri, D. Apelian, “Influence of Heat Treatment on Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of Rare Earth Rich Magnesium Alloy” International Journal of Metalcasting, vol. 11, issue 3, pp 382-395 (July 2017).

16-06 S. Hudson, J. Craparo, R. De Saro, D. Apelian, “Applications of Laser-induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS) in Molten Metal Processing”, Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B, 48(5), 2017, pp. 2731-2742.

16-08 S.W. Hudson, J. Craparo, R. De Saro, and D. Apelian “Inclusion Detection in Aluminum and Aluminum Alloys via Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy,” Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B, Vol. 49B, April 2018, pp. 658-665.

16-09 C. Soderhjelm, D. Apelian, “Metallurgical Bonding Between Cast-In Ferrous Inserts and Aluminum: Interaction Between Aluminum Alloys and Steel Inserts” La Metallurgia Italian, Volume 6, pp. 93-100.

16-10 S. Hudson, J. Craparo, R. De Saro, D. Apelian, “Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy: A New Tool for Real Time Melt Cognition”, La Metallurgia Italiana, n. 6, June 2016 pp. 5-8.

16-11 High Integrity Casting of Lightweight Components: (Chapter 1: Recovery, Reuse, and Recycling of Aluminum), R. De Saro, S. Kelly, D. Apelian, published by NADCA, Wheeling, IL 2016.

16-12 D. Apelian, S. Kelly, “Sustainable Metal Production of Aluminum: Goodbye Smelting Plants; Hello Mini Mills”, proceedings of Materials Science & Technology 2016 (MS&T), The 8th International Symposium on Green and Sustainable Technologies for Materials Manufacturing and Processing, Salt Lake City, UT October 2016.

16-14 S. Hudson, J. Craparo, R. De Saro, D. Apelian, “Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy: A New Tool for Real Time Metal Quality Measurement”, Die Casting Engineer, July 2016, pp. 2-5.

16-15 D. Apelian, S. Hudson, R. De Saro, J. Craparo, “Apparatus and Method for Measuring Inclusions in Molten Metal Using Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy”, patent applied for September 13, 2013.

16-16 R. Donahue, K. Anderson, J. Lagrant, R. De Saro, S. Hudson, D. Apelian, “Applications of Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS) in Molten Metal Processing”, in proceedings NADCA Congress & Tabletop 2016, Columbus, OH, September 2016.

2015

15-01 S.K. Chaudhury, and D. Apelian, “Effects of Mg and Cu Content on Quench Sensitivity of Al-Si-Mg Alloy”, International Journal of Metalcasting, April 2016, Volume 10, Number 2, pp. 138-146.

15-02 S.K. Chaudhury, D. Apelian, J. Keist, P. Meyer, D. Massinon, and J. Morichon, “Fatigue Performance of Fluidized Bed Heat Treated 319 Alloy Diesel Cylinder Heads”, Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A, Volume 46A, July 2015, pp. 3015-3021.

15-03 S.K. Chaudhury, D. Apelian, P. Meyer, D. Massinon, and J. Morichon, “Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of Heat Treated B319 Alloy Diesel Cylinder Heads”, published Online in Mat & Met Trans., March 31, 2015, Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A, Volume 46A, July 2015, pp. 3276-3286.

15-05 N. Sun and D. Apelian, “Composite Fabrication in Cast Al A206 via Friction Stir Processing”, International Journal of Cast Metals Research, V 28, No. 2, pp 72-80, 2015.

2014

14-01 S.W. Hudson and D. Apelian, “Clean Aluminum Processing: New Avenues for Measurement and Analysis”, in the Proceedings of TMS 2014, San Diego, CA, February 16-20, 2014.

14-02 R. Ghiaasiaan, S. Shankar, D. Apelian, “Control Diffusion Solidification (CDS): An Overview of Mechanism and Application” in the Proceedings of TMS 2014, San Diego, CA, February 16-20, 2014.

14-04 N. Nayak, D. Apelian, “Opportunities and Barriers to Resource Recovery and Recycling from Shredder Residue in the United States”, published on line by JOM March 20, 2014, http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11837-014-0902-6?sa_campaign=email/event/articleAuthor/onlineFirst, and JOM, Vol. 66, No. 11, 2014, pp. 2367-2376.

14-05 D. Apelian, H. Yu, B. Mishra, B. Blanpain, “Integrated Minimill to Produce Aluminum from Scrap”, published in JOM, Vol. 66, No. 3, March 2014, pp. 357- 358.

14-06 S. Li, K. Sadayappan, and D. Apelian, “Effects of Mold Temperature and Pouring Temperature on the Hot Tearing of Cast Al-Cu Alloys”, Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B, Volume 47, Number 5, October 2016, pp. 2979-2990

14-07 S. Li and D. Apelian, “Hot Tearing in Cast Aluminum Alloys: Mechanisms and Process Controls”, Foundry Trade Journal International, Vol. 188, No. 3714, May 2014, pp. 134-138.

14-09 S. Hudson, D. Apelian, “Boride Particle Detection in Al Melts via Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy”, Proceedings of MS&T14, Advances in Metal Casting Technologies Symposium, October 12, 2014, Pittsburgh, PA.

14-13 S.W. Hudson, J. Craparo, R. De Saro, D. Apelian, “SiC Particle Detection in Liquid Aluminum via Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy,” Light Metals 2015, John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

14-15 P. Gasper, D. Apelian, “Electron-Beam Atomic Spectroscopy for In-Situ Measurements of Melt Composition for Refractory Metals: Analysis of Fundamental Physics and Plasma Models”, published by Springer “Online First” 10.1007/s11663-014-0229-2, http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11663-014-0229-2 ; V. 45B, Number 5, October 2014. Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B: Volume 46, Issue 2 (2015), Page 719-732.

2013

13-05 S. Li, K. Sadayappan and D. Apelian, “Role of Grain Refinement in the Hot Tearing of Cast Al-Cu Alloy”, Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B, Vol. 44B, June 2013, pp. 614-622.

13-07 D. Apelian, “Use of Iron-rich High Purity Silicon for Use in the Preparation of Al Cast Alloys: effect on properties and performance”, in the Proceedings of 2013 NADCA Die Casting Congress & Tabletop, September 16-18, 2013, Louisville, KY.

13-08 B. Xing, Y.D. Li, D. Apelian, Y. Ma. T.J. Chen, Y. Hao “Grain Refinement of AZ31 Alloy via Self-Inoculation” Die Casting Engineering (DCE), NADCA, September 2013 pp. 28-34.

13-09 D. Apelian and M. Makhlouf, “Aluminum Die Casting Alloy”, European Patent No. EP 2 396 436 B1, July 24, 2013.

13-11 Y. Li, S. Hu, X. Li, M. He, Y. Ma, and D. Apelian, “Study on Hypereutectic Al-Si Alloys Fabricated by Liquid-liquid Mixing”, Advanced Materials Research, Vol. 815, 2013, pp. 13-18.

13-13 D. Apelian, M. Makhlouf, “Aluminum Die Casting Alloy”, U.S. Patent Application Publication NO. US 2013/0199680 A1, August 8, 2013.

2012

12-01 N. Sun, D. Apelian, “Friction Stir Processing for Localized Strengthening of Die Cast Components”, 5th International Conference High Tech Die Casting, Vicenza. Italy, February 9-10, 2012, Conference Proceedings.

12-02 N. Sun, D. Apelian, “Defect Elimination in Cast Al Components via Friction Stir Processing”, 141st TMS Annual Meeting, Orlando, FL, March 11-15, 2012, Supplemental Proceedings: Volume 2: Materials Properties, Characterization, and Modeling, pp. 411-418.

12-04 S. Li, K. Sadayappan, D. Apelian, “Hot Tearing in Cast Al Alloys: Mechanisms and Process Controls”, 116th Metal Casting Congress, Columbus, OH, April 17-20, 2012, AFS Proceedings 2012, American Foundry Society, Schaumburg, IL, Paper 12-069, pp. 1-7 and in International Journal of Metalcasting, Vol. 6, Issue 3, Summer 2012, pp. 51-57

12-05 Dai, C. and Apelian, D. (2012) Reuse of Al Dross as an Engineered Product, in ICAA13: 13th International Conference on Aluminum Alloys (eds H. Weiland, A. D. Rollett and W. A. Cassada), John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, USA. doi: 10.1002/9781118495292.ch202

12-09 N. Sun, D. Apelian, “Friction Stir Processing for Localized Strengthening of Die Cast Components”, La Metallurgia Italiana, Associazione Italiana di Metallurgia – AIM, Vol. 102, November-December 2012, pp. 3-13.

12-12 N. Sun. D. Apelian, “Friction Stir Processing for Localized Strengthening of Die Cast Components, NADCA Transaction Number T12-072 in NADCA Proceedings 2012.

12-13 N. Nayak, D. Apelian, B. Mishra, and B. Blanpain, “Opportunities and Barriers to Resource Recovery and Recycling from Shredder Residue—A CR3 Communication”, JOM, Vol. 64, No.12, December 2012 pp. 1373-1374.

2011

11-01  C. Borgonovo, D. Apelian, M. Makhlouf, “Aluminum Nanocomposites for Elevated Temperature Applications”, JOM, Vol. 63 No. 2 (February 2011), pp 57-64.

11-02   N. Sun, D. Apelian, “Friction Stir Processing of Aluminum Cast Alloys for High Performance Applications”, JOM, V. 63, No. 11, November 2011, pp. 44-50.

11-03  Y. He, S. Li, K. Sadayappan, D. Apelian, “Thermomechanical Simulation and Experimental Characterization of Hot Tearing during Solidification of Aluminum Alloys“, International Journal of Cast Metals Research, Vol. 26, No. 2, pp. 72-81.

11-04  L. Wang, D. Apelian, M. M. Makhlouf, “Development of High-Performance Die Casting Alloys – Part 1: Alloy Design”, NADCA Transaction Number T11-021, in NADCA Congress Proceedings 2011.

11-05 L. Wang, D. Apelian, M. M. Makhlouf, “Development of High-Performance Die Casting Alloys – Part 2: Mechanical Properties and Microstructure Characterization”, NADCA Transaction Number T11-022 in NADCA Proceedings 2011.

11-06  N. Sun and D. Apelian, “Composite Fabrication Via Friction Stir Processing”, in the Proceedings of 5th International Conference on Light Metals Technology, July 2011, Lüneburg, Germany, Materials Science Forum, published by Trans Tech Publications Ltd. Vol. 690, pp. 125-128.

11-07   C. Borgonovo and D. Apelian, “Aluminum Nanocomposites via Gas Assisted Processing”, in the Proceedings of 5th International Conference on Light Metals Technology, July 2011, Lüneburg, Germany, Materials Science Forum, published by Trans Tech Publications Ltd. Vol. 690, pp. 187-191.

11-08   S. Li, D. Apelian and K. Sadayappan, “Hot Tearing in Cast Aluminum Alloys” in the Proceedings of 5th International Conference on Light Metals Technology, July 2011, Lüneburg, Germany, Materials Science Forum, published by Trans Tech Publications Ltd. Vol. 690, pp. 355-358.

11-17   M. M. Makhlouf, D. Apelian, L. Wang, “High Performance Die Casting Alloys”, Final Report, DLA -ATI Contract 2006-342, pp. 1-47.

2010

10-01    S.K. Chaudhury, V. Warke, S. Shankar, and D. Apelian “Localized Recrystallization in Cast Al-Si-Mg Alloy Heat Treatment: Dilatometric and Calorimetric Studies, Metallurgical & Material Transactions A: Volume 42, Issue 10 (2011), pp. 3160-3169

10-02   D. A. Lados and D. Apelian, L. Wang, “Solution Treatment Effects on Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of Al-(1 to 13 %) Si-Mg Alloys”, Metallurgical & Material Transactions B: Volume 42, Issue 1 (2011), pp. 171-180

10-03   D. A. Lados and D. Apelian, L. Wang, “Aging Effects on Heat Treatment Response and Mechanical Properties of Al-(1 to 13%) Si-Mg Alloys”, Metallurgical & Material Transactions B, Volume 42, Issue 1 (2011), Page 181-188.

10-04   D. A. Lados and D. Apelian, L. Wang, “Minimization of Residual Stress in Heat Treated Cast Al-Si-Mg Alloys Using an Uphill Quench: Mechanisms and Effects on Static and Dynamic Properties”, Materials Science and Engineering A, A 527, pp. 3159-3165, 2010.

10-05   Y. Li, D. Apelian, Y. Ma, and Y. Hao, “Commercial AM60 Alloy for Semisolid Processing: I – Alloy Optimization and Thermodynamic Analysis”, Science Press, S2P Conference 2010, Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China, Vol. 20, 2010 pp 1572-1578.

10-06   B. Xing, Y. Li, Y. Ma, Y. Hao and D. Apelian “Commercial AM60 Alloy for Semisolid Processing: II – Effects of CRP (continuous rheoconversion process) on Microstructure”, Science Press, S2P Conference 2010, Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China, Vol. 20 (2010), pp. 723-728.

10-07   L. Wang, D. Apelian, and M.M. Makhlouf, “Dynamic Properties of High-Performance Die Casting Alloys”, published in NADCA Transactions, NADCA Congress, Orlando March 2010.

10-08   S. Li, D. Apelian, “Hot Tearing of Aluminum Alloys A Critical Literature Review, International Journal of Metalcasting, Volume 5, Issue 1, pp. 23-40.

10-09  S. Li, K. Sadayappan and D. Apelian, “Characterization of Hot Tearing in Al Cast Alloys: methodology and procedures”, International Journal of Cast Metals Research, Vol. 24 no. 2, pp 88-95, 2011.  Awarded best paper published in the International Journal of Cast Metals Research for period 2010/2011.

10-10  C. Borgonovo, D. Apelian, “Manufacture of Aluminum Nanocomposites: A Critical Review”, Materials Science Forum, Advances in Metal Matrix Composites, published by Trans Tech Publications (2011), Vol. 678, pp.1-22.

10-11  C. Borgonovo, D. Apelian, “Processing of Lightweight Metal Matrix Composites via In-situ Gas/Liquid Reaction”, Materials Science Forum, Advances in Metal Matrix Composites, published by Trans Tech Publications (2011), Vol. 678, pp.115-123.

2009

09-01   D. Apelian, J. L. Jorstad, “Sustainable Development for the 21st Century:  Challenges and Opportunities for Light Metals”, in Material Science Forum, Vol. 618-619, pp. 7-12, 2009.

09-02   L. Wang, D. Apelian, and M.M. Makhlouf, “Optimization of Aluminum Die Casting Alloys for Enhanced Properties”, in Material Science Forum, Vol. 618-619, pp. 601-605, 2009.

09-03   S. Li, D. Apelian, K. Sadayappan, “Quantitative Investigation of Hot Tearing of Al-Cu Alloy Cast in a Constrained Bar Permanent Mold”, in Material Science Forum, Vol. 618-619, pp. 57-62, 2009.

09-04   N. Sun, D. Apelian, “Microstructural Modification of A206 Aluminum Via Friction Stir Processing”, in Material Science Forum, Vol. 618-619, pp. 361-364, 2009.

09-05   D. Apelian, Aluminum Cast Alloys: Enabling Tools for Improved Performance, Worldwide Report, published by NADCA 2009.

09-06  Q. Xu, D. Apelian, M.M. Makhlouf, “Numerical Modeling and Computer Simulation of the Continuous Rheoconversion Process”, NADCA Congress Transactions, April 2009.

09-07   D. Apelian, “The Engineering Profession in the 21st century – educational needs and societal challenges facing the profession”

Part I, in Foundry Trade Journal International, Vol. 181, No. 3659, November 2008, pp. 284-285.

Part II, in Foundry Trade Journal International, Vol. 181, No. 3660, December 2008, pp. 322-323.

Part III, in Foundry Trade Journal International, Vol. 182, No. 3661, January/February 2009 pp. 6-7

Part IV, in Foundry Trade Journal International, Vol. 182, No. 3662, March 2009 pp. 38-40

09-08   B. Dewhirst, S. Li, P. Hogan, D. Apelian “Castability Measures for Diecasting Alloys: Fluidity, Hot Tearing, and Die Soldering”, La Metallurgia Italiana, March 2009, pp. 37-42.

09-09   K. Symeonidis, D. Apelian, M. M. Makhlouf, “Controlled Diffusion Solidification: Application to Metal Casting”, La Metallurgia Italiana, May 2009, pp. 39-44.

09-11  A. M. de Figueredo, D. Apelian, M. Findon, and N. Saddock, “Alloy Substantially Free of Dendrites and Method of Forming the Same”, US Patent No. 7,513,962, April 7, 2009.

09-12   J. Jorstad and D. Apelian, “Pressure Assisted Processes for High Integrity Aluminum Castings – Part 1, Foundry Trade Journal International, Vol. 182, No. 3669, October 2009, pp.250-254.

09-13   J. Jorstad and D. Apelian, “Pressure Assisted Processes for High Integrity Aluminum Castings – Part 2, Foundry Trade Journal International, Vol. 182, No. 3669, November 2009, pp. 282-287.

2008

08-01  Apelian and W. Hunt, “Materials and Society – Challenges and the TMS Response”, Journal of Metals, Vol. 60, No 2, 2008, pp. 26-27.

08-02   K. Symeonidis, D. Apelian, M.M. Makhlouf, “Study of Undercooling Mechanism in the Al-Cu Alloy System Cast via Controlled Diffusion Solidification (CDS) Process”, NADCA Transactions; published by NADCA, Cast Expo, May 2008.

08-03    L. Wang, D. Apelian, M. M. Makhlouf, W. Huang, “Predicting Compositions and Properties of Aluminum Die Casting Alloys Using Artificial Neural Network”, Proceedings of the 4th International High Tech Die Casting Conference (HTDC 2008 Brescia, Italy, April 2008) – Paper #40 (Invited Paper)

08-04   K. Symeonidis, D. Apelian, M. M. Makhlouf, “Controlled Diffusion   Solidification: Application to Metal Casting”, Proceedings of the 4th International High Tech Die Casting Conference (HTDC 2008 Brescia, Italy, April 2008) – Paper #39 (Invited Paper)

08-06  K. Symeonidis, D. Apelian, M. M. Makhlouf, “Controlled Diffusion Solidification”, International Foundry Research/Giessereiforschung 60 (2008) No. 1 pp. 2 – 8.

08-07   M. Di Sabatino, L. Arnberg and D. Apelian, “Progress on the Understanding of Fluidity of Aluminium Foundry Alloys”, International Journal of Metalcasting, Vol. 2, Issue 2, Summer 2008, pp. 17-28.

08-09   L. Wang, D. Apelian, M. M. Makhlouf, W. Huang, “Predicting Compositions and Properties of Aluminum Die Casting Alloys Using Artificial Neural Network”, Metallurgical Science & Technology, Vol. 26-1, pp 16-21, 2008.

08-10  K. Symeonidis, D. Apelian, M. M. Makhlouf, “Controlled Diffusion Solidification: Application to Metal Casting”, Metallurgical Science & Technology, Vol. 26-1, pp 30-36, 2008.

08-11  J. Jorstad, D. Apelian, “Hypereutectic Al-Si Alloys: Practical Casting Considerations”, International Journal of Metalcasting, Summer 2009, pp 13-36.

08-12    Allan, Shulman, Fall, Sisson and Apelian, “Microwave Heating Technologies”, Heat Treating Progress (ASM), Number 3, Vol. 8, pp 39-42, May/June 2008.

2007

07-04   D. A. Lados and D. Apelian, “Fatigue Crack Growth Paths in Al-Si-Mg Cast Alloys” – Proceedings of the International Conference on Crack Path (CP 2006), September 2006, Parma, Italy (ESIS technical publications) – Paper #026 (invited paper).

07-05  John L. Jorstad, Q. Y. Pan, Diran Apelian, ” Interaction of Key Variables During Rheocasting: Effects of Fraction Solid and Flow Velocity on Performance , NADCA Transactions 2007.

07-06  D. A. Lados, D. Apelian, and J.K. Donald, “Fracture Mechanics Analysis for Residual Stress and Crack Closure Corrections”, Int. J. Fatigue, Vol. 29, Issue 4, pp. 687-694, 2007.

07-07  D. A. Lados, D. Apelian, P.E. Jones, and J.F. Major, “Microstructural Mechanisms Controlling Fatigue Crack Growth in Al-Si-Mg Cast Alloys”, Materials Science and Engineering A 468-470 (2007) pp 237-245.

07-08  D. A. Lados and D. Apelian, “Relationships Between Microstructure and Fatigue Crack Propagation Paths in Al-Si-Mg Cast Alloys”, Engineering Fracture Mechanics, V 75, 2008, pp 821-832.

07-09  K. Symeonidis, D. Apelian and M. Makhlouf, “Controlled Diffusion Solidification”, in the Proceedings of LMT – Light Metals Technology 2007, September 2007, Saint-Sauveur, Québec, CA, published by CANMET.

07-10  Q. Y. Pan, P. Hogan, D. Apelian, and M. Makhlouf, “The Continuous Rheoconversion Process (CRP™)”, in the Proceedings of LMT – Light Metals Technology 2007, September 2007, Saint-Sauveur, Québec, CA, published by CANMET.

07-11  S. K. Chaudhury and D. Apelian, “Effects of High Heating Rates during Post-Solidification Thermal Processing “, LMT, in the Proceedings of LMT – Light Metals Technology 2007, September 2007, Saint-Sauveur, Québec, CA, published by CANMET.

07-12  S. K. Chaudhury and D. Apelian, “Fluidized Bed: An Energy-Efficient Technology to Heat Treat Aluminum Components”, Heat Treating Progress, Vol. 7, Num. 2, March/April 2007 pp. 12-13.

07-14  Q. Y. Pan, D. Apelian, “Semi-Solid Metal (SSM) Processing Methods: An Overview”, in Proceedings of 2007 Xi’an International Symposium on Solidification, Northwestern Polytechnical University, May 29-31,2007.

07-16  S.K. Chaudhury and D. Apelian, “Fluidized Bed: An Energy Efficient Heat-Treating Technology for Cast Al Alloys”, Proceedings of the 24th Conference, Heat Treating Society, 2007, pp.  77-86

07-17  J. Keist, S. Chaudhury, and D. Apelian, “Fluidized Bed Quenching Performance and Its Application for Heat Treating Aluminum Alloys” “, Proceedings of the 24th Conference, Heat Treating Society, 2007, pp. 225-230.

07-18  D. Saha, S. Shankar, and D. Apelian, “Casting of Aluminum Based Wrought Alloys and Aluminum Based Casting Alloys”, U.S. Patent No. 7,201,210, April 10, 2007

07-19   J. L. Jorstad, D. Apelian, “Pressure Assisted Processes for High Integrity Aluminum Castings”, International Journal of Metalcasting, Vol. 2, Issue 1, Winter 2008, pp 19-39.

07-21  Q.Y Pan, Diran Apelian & John Jorstad, “Semi-Solid Casting: Introduction and Fundamentals”, ASM Vol. 15: Casting, published by ASM (2007), pp. 761-763.

07-22  Q.Y Pan, Diran Apelian & John Jorstad, “Rheocasting”, ASM Vol. 15: Casting, published by ASM (2007), pp. 773-776.

07-23  S.K. Chaudhury, D. Apelian, “Fluidized-Bed: High Efficiency Heat Treatment of Aluminum Castings”, Heat Treating Progress, September/October 2007, Vol. 7, No. 6, pp 29-33.

07-24  S. M. Allan, H. S. Shulman, M. L. Fall, R. D. Sisson, D. Apelian, “Microwave Heating Technologies”, Heat Treating Progress, November/December 2007 p. 18-19

07-26   Q.Y Pan, Diran Apelian & John Jorstad, “SemiSolid Metal Processing”, ASM Vol. 15: Casting, published by ASM (2007), pp. 379-381.

2006

06-02  D. Apelian, H. Brody, D. Backman, “Solidification Modeling: a quarter century of progress and future vision, keynote paper in Modeling of Casting, Welding, and Advanced Solidification Processes XI, Editors: C. Gandin, M. Bellet, and J.E Allison, published by TMS, Warrendale, PA (2006).

06-03   D. A. Lados, D. Apelian, and J. F. Major “Fatigue Crack Growth Mechanisms at the Microstructure Scale in Al-Si-Mg Cast Alloys: Mechanisms in Regions II and III”, Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A, Volume 37, Number 8, August 2006, pp. 2405-2418.

06-04   S. K. Chaudhury and D. Apelian, “Effects of Fluidized Bed Quenching on Heat Treating Characteristics of Cast Al-Si-Mg and Al-Si-Mg-Cu Alloys”, Intl. Journal of Cast Metals Research, V 19, No. 6, 2006 pp 361-369.

06-05   S. K. Chaudhury, and D. Apelian, “Fluidized Bed Heat Treatment of Cast Al-Si-Cu-Mg Alloys”, Metallurgical and Material Transactions A, Vol. 37A, July 2006, pp 2295-2312.

06-06   J. L. Jorstad, Q. Y. Pan, D. Apelian, “A Rheocasting Route: SLCTM + CRPTM, A Marriage of Unique Processes”, NADCA Transactions (2006).

06-07   Q. Y. Pan, P. Hogan, and D. Apelian, “Optimization of Commercial Alloys for Semi-Solid Processing”, NADCA Transactions (2006).

06-09  D. Apelian, M. M. Makhlouf, D. Saha, “CDS Method for Casting Aluminum-Based Wrought Alloy Compositions: theoretical framework”, Materials Science Forums Vols. 519-521 (2006), pp 1771-1776.

06-10  Q. Y. Pan, S. Wiesner, D. Apelian, “Application of the Continuous Rheoconversion Process (CRP) to Low Temperature HPDC-Part I: Microstructure, in the Proceedings of 9th International S2P, Busan, Korea, September 11-13, 2006, in Solid State Phenomena Vols. 116-117 (2006) pp. 402-405 Trans Tech Publications, Switzerland.

06-11  S. Wiesner, Q. Y. Pan, D. Apelian, “Application of the Continuous Rheoconversion Process (CRPTM) to Low Temperature HPDC-Part II: Alloy Development & Validation”, in the Proceedings of 9th International S2P, Busan, Korea, September 11-13, 2006, in Solid State Phenomena Vols. 116-117 (2006) pp 64-67 Trans Tech Publications, Switzerland.

06-12  D. Apelian, “SSM and Squeeze Casting:  Principles & Opportunities”, NADCA Transactions 2006.

06-15   Q. Y. Pan, D. Apelian, and P. Hogan, “The Continuous Rheoconversion Process (CRPTM): Optimization & Industrial Applications”, 3rd International Conference on High Tech Die Casting, Vicenza, Italy, 21-22 September 2006, paper 53, published in the CD-ROM of the conference proceedings by the Italian Association of Metallurgy (AIM), Milan, 2006; the paper also published in “Metallurgical Science and Technology”, 2006, Vol. 24, n. 2, pp. 9-18 (2006), edited by Teksid Aluminum.

06-16   J. L. Jorstad and D. Apelian, “Pressure Assisted Processes for High Integrity Automotive Aluminum Castings – Part I: Principles and Fundamentals”, 3rd International Conference on High Tech Die Casting, Vicenza, Italy, 21-22 September 2006, paper 54, published in the CD-ROM of conference proceedings by Italian Association of Metallurgy (AIM), Milan, 2006.

06-17  D. Apelian and J. L. Jorstad, “Pressure Assisted Processes for High Integrity Automotive Aluminum Castings – Part II: Recent Developments and Innovations”, 3rd International Conference on High Tech Die Casting, Vicenza, Italy, 21-22 September 2006, paper 55, published in the CD-ROM of conference proceedings by Italian Association of Metallurgy (AIM), Milan, 2006.

06-18   M. Di Sabatino, L. Arnberg, S. Brusethaug, D. Apelian, “Fluidity Evaluation Methods for Al-Mg-Si Alloys”, International Journal of Cast Metals Research, Volume 19, Number 2, April 2006, pp. 94-97.

06-21    D. Apelian, “Verso un Futuro Brillante – A Bright Future Ahead” in Pressocolata & Tecniche Fusorie (Die Casting & Foundry Techniques), EDIMET, December 2006, pp. 44-45.

06-23  A. Alexandrou, G. Georgiou, N. Tonmukayakul and D. Apelian, “Parameter Estimation for Semi-Solid Aluminum Alloys using Transient Experiments”, Solid State Phenomena Vols. 116-117, (2006) pp 429-432, Trans Tech Publications, Switzerland.

2005

05-01   S.K. Chaudhury, D. Apelian, “Effects of Solution Heat Treatment on Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of Al-Si-Cu-Mg (354) Using Fluidized Bed Reactor”, AFS Transactions, Vol. 113, #05-071, p. 1-14 (2005).

05-02  J. Slater, L. Wang, R. Ludwig, and D. Apelian, “NDE Methods to Detect Oxides in Al Cast Components”, AFS Transactions, Vol. 113, #05-076, p.1-12 (2005).

05-03   Q.Y. Pan, L. Wang, D. Apelian and M.M. Makhlouf, “Optimization of 380 Alloy for Semi-Solid Processing”, NADCA Transactions, #T05-143 (2005).

05-04   W. J. Bernard III, Q. Y. Pan, D. Apelian and M. M. Makhlouf, “The Continuous Rheoconversion Process (CRP): Modeling and Optimization”, NADCA Transactions, #T05-141 (2005). 

05-05    B. Dewhirst, J. L. Jorstad, and D. Apelian, “Effect of Artificial Aging on Microstructure and Tensile Properties of Semi-Solid Processed A356 Castings”, NADCA Transactions, #T05-063 (2005) – Selected as the Best Paper of the Congress.  The paper was also published in Die Casting Engineer, May 2005, published by NADCA, pp 38-44, 2005

05-06   S. K. Chaudhury, D. Apelian, “Fluidized Bed Heat Treatment of Cast Al Alloys Using a Fluidized Bed”, in Shape Casting: The John Campbell Symposium, published by TMS – ISBN # 0-87339-583-2, pp 283-293 (2005).

05-07   M. Di Sabatino, S. Shankar, D. Apelian, L. Arnberg, “Influence of Temperature and Alloying Elements on Fluidity of Al-Si Alloys”, in Shape Casting: The John Campbell Symposium, published by TMS – ISBN # 0-87339-583-2, pp 193-202 (2005).

05-08  D. Saha, S. Shankar, D. Apelian, M. M. Makhlouf, “Controlled Diffusion Solidification – Manufacturing Net Shaped Al Based Wrought Alloy Parts”, in Shape Casting: The John Campbell Symposium, published by TMS – ISBN # 0-87339-583-2, pp 415-422 (2005).

05-10   S.K. Chaudhury, D. Apelian, “Effects of Rapid Heating on Solutionizing Characteristics of Al-Si-Mg Alloy Using a Fluidized Bed”, Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A V 37A, March 2006 pp 763-778.

05-11  S.K. Chaudhury, D. Apelian, “Effects of Rapid Heating on Aging Characteristics of T6 Tempered Al-Si-Mg Alloys Using a Fluidized Bed”, Journal of Materials Science, Vol. 41(14), July 2006, p. 4684-4690.

05-12   D. A. Lados, D. Apelian, P.C. Paris, and J.  K. Donald, “Closure Mechanisms in Cast Al-Si-Mg Alloys and Long-crack to Small-crack Corrections”, Int. J. of Fatigue, V 27, pp 1463-1472 (2005).

05-13  D. Saha, S. Shankar, M. Makhlouf and D. Apelian, “Casting of Aluminum Alloys with a Globular Primary Phase Using Controlled Diffusion Solidification”, Met. and Mat. Trans. A (E-TP-05-228-A).

05-14   D. Saha, D. Apelian, “On the Dissolution of Al in Al-Si Liquid During the Mixing of Al-25% Si and Al-7% Si Alloys”, Met. and Mat Trans B.

05-15   D. Lados and D. Apelian, “The Effect of Residual Stress on the Fatigue Crack Growth Behavior of Al-Si-Mg Cast Alloys – Mechanisms and Corrective Mathematical Models”, Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A, Vol 37A, issue 1, pp 133-145 (2006).

05-16   D.A. Lados and D. Apelian, “Limitations of Elastic Definitions in Al-Si-Mg Cast Alloys with Enhanced Plasticity: Linear Elastic Fracture Mechanics versus Elastic-Plastic Fracture Mechanics”, Engineering Fracture Mechanics, Vol. 73, issue 4, pp. 435-455 (2006).

05-17  D.A. Lados, D. Apelian, and J.K. Donald “Fatigue Crack Growth Mechanisms at the Microstructure Scale in Al-Si-Mg Cast Alloys: Mechanisms in the Near-threshold Regime, Acta Materialia, Vol. 54, issue 6, pp. 1475-1486, 2006.

05-18   D.A. Lados, D. Apelian, and F.J. Semel, “Open and Closed Porosity in P/M Materials – Measurement and Variation with Density Levels and Sintering Conditions”, Proceedings of the EURO PM2005 (2-5 October 2005 Prague, Czech Republic), published by EPMA, Shrewsbury, UK, Vol. 3, pp. 9-17, 2005.

05-19   D. Apelian and S.K. Chaudhury, “Heat Treatment of Aluminum Cast Components – Recent Developments and Future Challenges, in Proceedings of World Foundry Organization Congress, April 19, 2005 – St. Louis, Missouri, USA, published by AFS, Schaumburg, IL.

05-21   D. Apelian, D. Saha, “Novel and Advanced Solidification Processes for the Manufacture of High Integrity Aluminum Cast Components”, in the Proceedings of Second Intl. Light Metals Technology 2005, St. Wolfgang, Austria, published by LKR, pp 203-208 (2005).

05-25   J. L. Jorstad, Q. Y. Pan, D. Apelian, “Solidification Microstructure Affecting Ductility in Semi Solid (SSM) Cast Products”, Materials Science and Engineering A V 413-414 (2005) pp 186-191.

05-26   D. A. Lados, D. Apelian, “Porosity and Microstructure in P/M Alloys: Critical Review of their Effects on Fatigue and Fatigue Crack Growth”, Proceedings of the 2005 International Conference on Powder Metallurgy & Particulate Materials (PM2TEC 2005), published by MPIF, Princeton, NJ, Part 10, pp. 90-110, 2005.

05-27   M. Di Sabatino, L. Arnberg, D. Apelian, and S. Brusethaug, “Fluidity Evaluation Methods for Al-Mg-Si Alloys”, International Journal of Cast Metals Research, Vol. 19, No. 2, April 2006, pp. 94-97.

05-28  J. L. Jorstad, D. Apelian, “Pressure Assisted Processes for High Integrity Automotive Aluminum Castings – Part I: Principles and Fundamentals”, in Proceedings of the International Conference on High Integrity Metal Castings, October 31 –November 1, 2005, Indianapolis, IN, published by AFS, Chicago, Ill. (2005).

05-29  J. L. Jorstad, D. Apelian, “Pressure Assisted Processes for High Integrity Automotive Castings – Part II: Recent Developments and Innovations”, in Proceedings of the International Conference on High Integrity Metal Castings, October 31 –November 1, 2005, Indianapolis, IN, published by AFS, Chicago, Ill. (2005).

05-30    M. Di Sabatino, S. Shankar, D. Apelian, L. Arnberg, “The Role of Temperature and Alloy Chemistry on Fluidity of Aluminum Foundry Alloys”, in Proceedings of 10th International Conference on Aluminium, October 12-14, 2005, Kliczkow, Poland.

2004

04-1   Zachary Brown, Rathindra DasGupta, Dayne Killingsworth, Mark Musser, and Diran Apelian, “Semi-Solid Metal Casting Practices: Past, Present and Future”, Proceedings of SAE 2004, Detroit, MI.

04-2    S. K. Chaudhury, L. Wang, and D. Apelian, “Fluidized Bed Reactor Heat Treatment of A356 Alloy: Microstructure Analysis and Mechanical Properties”, AFS Transactions, Vol. 112, 2004, #04-055, pp 1-16.

04-3    Q. Y. Pan, M. Arsenault, D. Apelian and M. M. Makhlouf, “SSM Processing of AlB2 Grain Refined Al-Si Alloys”, AFS Transactions, Vol. 112, June 2004, pp 04-053.

04-4   M. Findon and D. Apelian, “The Continuous Rheoconversion Process for Semi-Solid Slurry Production”, AFS Transactions, Vol. 112, June 2004, pp 04-056.

04-5    D. Saha and D.  Apelian, “Semi Solid Processing of Hypereutectic Alloys”, AFS Transactions, Vol. 112, June 2004, pp 04-057.

04-6    D. A. Lados and D. Apelian, “Fatigue Crack Growth Characteristics in Cast Al–Si–Mg Alloys: Part I. Effect of Processing Conditions and Microstructure”, Materials Science and Engineering A, Vol. A385, issues 1-2, pp. 200-211, 2004.

04-7    D. A. Lados and D. Apelian, “Fatigue Crack Growth Characteristics in Cast Al–Si–Mg Alloys: Part II. Life Predictions Using Fatigue Crack Growth Data”, Materials Science and Engineering A, Vol. A385, issues 1-2, pp. 187-199, 2004.

04-8   Apelian, Q. Y. Pan, M. Findon, “Low Cost and Energy Efficient Methods for the Manufacture of Semi-Solid (SSM) Feedstock”, Die Casting Engineer, V. 48, No. 1, January 2004, pp. 22-28.

04-11  Q.Y. Pan, D. Apelian and A.N. Alexandrou, “Yield Behavior of Commercial Aluminum Alloys in The Semi-Solid State”, Metallurgical and Materials Transactions (B), Vol. 35B, December 2004, pp 1187-1202.

04-13  Deepak Saha, Sumanth Shankar, Diran Apelian, and Makhlouf M. Makhlouf, “Casting of Aluminum Based Wrought Alloys using Controlled Diffusion Solidification”, Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A, Vol. 35A, July 2004, pp. 2174-2180.

04-14  Apelian, Q.Y. Pan, M. Findon and M. M. Makhlouf, “Low Cost and Energy Efficient Methods for the Manufacture of Semi-Solid (SSM) Feedstock”, in the Proceedings of HTDC (ISBN 88-86259-26-3), Brescia, Italy, published by Edimet, Brescia, Italy 2004, pp. 323-332.

04-15  Shankar, M. M. Makhlouf, and D. Apelian, “Die Soldering and Die Engineering in High Pressure Die Casting Operations”, in the Proceedings of HTDC (ISBN 88-86259-26-3), Brescia, Italy, published by Edimet, Brescia, Italy 2004, pp. 97-106.

04-16  M. Makhlouf, D. Apelian and L. Wang, iSelect-Al: An Electronic Tool for the Selection and Design of Aluminum Die Casting Alloys”, Die Casting Engineer, Vol. 48, No. 2, March 2004, pp 26-31.

04-17  Sumanth Shankar, Deepak Saha, Makhlouf M. Makhlouf, and Diran Apelian, “Casting of Wrought Aluminum Based Alloys”, Die Casting Engineer, Vol. 48, No. 2, March 2004, pp. 52-57.

04-18  Diana A. Lados and Diran Apelian, “Fatigue Crack Growth Mechanisms During Dynamic Loading of Conventionally and SSM Cast Aluminum Components”, Paper # 21-2 in the Proceedings of the Eighth International Conference on Semi-Solid Processing of Metals and Alloys, Limasol, Cyprus, September 2004; published by NADCA, Wheeling, Illinois.

04-19  Deepak Saha, Diran Apelian, and Rathindra Dasgupta, “Inoculants for the Control of Primary Silicon Size and Distribution in Hypereutectic Alloys”, Paper # 8-1in the Proceedings of the Eighth International Conference on Semi-Solid Processing of Metals and Alloys, Limasol, Cyprus, September 2004; published by NADCA, Wheeling, Illinois.

04-20  Deepak Saha, Diran Apelian, and Rathindra Dasgupta, “SSM Processing of Hypereutetcic Al-Si Alloys – an overview”, Paper # 22-1 in the Proceedings of the Eighth International Conference on Semi-Solid Processing of Metals and Alloys, Limasol, Cyprus, September 2004; published by NADCA, Wheeling, Illinois.

04-21  Q.Y. Pan, M. Findon and D. Apelian, “The Continuous Rheoconversion Process (CRP): A Novel SSM Approach”, Paper # 2-4 in the Proceedings of the Eighth International Conference on Semi-Solid Processing of Metals and Alloys, Limasol, Cyprus, September 2004; published by NADCA, Wheeling, Illinois.

04-22  Q.Y. Pan, D. Apelian and M. M. Makhlouf, ” AlB2 Grain Refined Al-Si Alloys: Rheocasting/Thixocasting Applications”, Paper # 13-1 in the Proceedings of the Eighth International Conference on Semi-Solid Processing of Metals and Alloys, Limasol, Cyprus, September 2004; published by NADCA, Wheeling, Illinois.

04-23  A.N. Alexandrou, G. C. Florides, G. C. Georgiou and D. Apelian, “Rheological Effects of Structure Breakdown in Semisolid Slurries”, Paper # 9-1 in the Proceedings of the Eighth International Conference on Semi-Solid Processing of Metals and Alloys, Limasol, Cyprus, September 2004; published by NADCA, Wheeling, Illinois.

04-24  S. Shankar, D. Saha, D. Apelian, and M. M. Makhlouf, “CDS: Controlled Diffusion Solidification – A Novel Casting Approach”, Paper # 16-2 in the Proceedings of the Eighth International Conference on Semi-Solid Processing of Metals and Alloys, Limasol, Cyprus, September 2004; published by NADCA, Wheeling, Illinois.

04-25 N. Tonmukayakul, Q. Y. Pan, A. N. Alexandrou and D. Apelian, “Transient Flow Characteristics and Properties of Semi-Solid Aluminum Alloy A356”, Paper # 3-4 in the Proceedings of the Eighth International Conference on Semi-Solid Processing of Metals and Alloys, Limasol, Cyprus, September 2004; published by NADCA, Wheeling, Illinois.

04-26  S.K. Chaudhury, J. Heimsch, Q. Y. Pan and D. Apelian, “Response of Fluidized Bed Heat Treatment on Semi-Solid Al Castings on Microstructure and Mechanical Properties”, Paper # 15-4 in the Proceedings of the Eighth International Conference on Semi-Solid Processing of Metals and Alloys, Limasol, Cyprus, September 2004; published by NADCA, Wheeling, Illinois.

04-27  John L. Jorstad and Diran Apelian, “Hypereutectic Al-Si Alloys: Practical Processing Techniques”, Die Casting Engineer, Vol. 48, No. 3, May 2004, pp. 50-55.

04-28  D. Apelian, Q.Y. Pan and M. M. Makhlouf, “Low Cost and Energy Efficient Methods for the Manufacture of Semi-Solid (SSM) Feedstock”, in NADCA Transactions, AFS/NADCA 108th Congress, June 2004, Session 3: Cast Materials, T01-033.

2003

03-01         D. Apelian and S. K. Chaudhury, “Fluidized Bed Heat Treatment of Aluminum Cast Components”, J. Phys. IV France 120 (2004) pp 555-562.

03-02         D. Apelian, M. M. Makhlouf, C. Bergman, and J. Rosendahl, “Fluidized Beds: an energy efficient alternative to conventional heat treatment operations”, in the Proceedings of The MPMD Fourth Global Innovations Symposium: Energy Efficient Manufacturing Processes, Edited by I. Anderson, T. Marechaux and C. Cockrill, published by TMS (The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society), 2003, pp 3-13.

03-03         D. Apelian, A. de Figueredo, M. M. Makhlouf, “Energy Efficient Near-net Shape Manufacturing: semi-solid processing routes, in the Proceedings of The MPMD Fourth Global Innovations Symposium: Energy Efficient Manufacturing Processes, Edited by I. Anderson, T. Marechaux and C. Cockrill, published by TMS (The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society), 2003, pp 55-62.

03-05         Deepak Saha, Diran Apelian and Rathindra Dasgupta, “SSM Processing of Al-Si Alloys Utilizing the Concept of Diffusion Solidification”, in the Proceedings of 22ND International Die Casting congress & Exposition, NADCA, September 15-18, 2003, Indianapolis, Indiana, pp129-134.

03-06         D. Saha, D. Apelian, R. DasGupta, “Semi-Solid Metal Casting Process and Product Thereof “, Patent applied – Application No. 60/411872, Docket No. 87324.1681, September 20, 2002.

03-07         D. Saha, D. Apelian, M. A. Musser, Z. Brown, D. Killingsworth, “Semi-Solid Metal Casting Process of Hypoeutectic Aluminum Alloys”, U.S. Patent No. 6,880,613, issued April 19, 2005.

03-08         D. Saha, D. Apelian, M. Musser and D. Killingsworth, and Z. Brown, “Semi-Solid Casting Process of Aluminum Alloys with A Grain Refiner”, U.S. Patent No. 7,025,113 B2, Date of Issuance: April 11, 2006.

03-09         S. Shankar, D. Apelian, M. M. Makhlouf, “Advances in the Study of Microstructural Evolution in Al-Si Cast Alloys”, in the Proceedings of the Microscopy and Microanalysis 2003, San Antonio, TX, August 3 – 7, 2003.

03-11         S. Chaudhury, S. Shankar, D. Apelian, James Van Wert, “Short Cycle Heat Treating with Fluidized Beds: Microstructure Evolution”, in the Proceedings of the AFS Aluminum Structural Casting Conference, Orlando, FL, published by AFS, November 2-4, 2003.  Chapter 6.

03-12         J. Van Wert, D. Apelian, C. Bergman, “Fluidized Bed Heat Treating: the answer to one-piece flow as a commercial application”, in the Proceedings of the AFS Aluminum Structural Casting Conference, Orlando, FL, published by AFS, November 2-4, 2003. Chapter 8.

03-13         F. Major and D. Apelian, “A Micro structural Atlas of Common Commercial Al-Si-X Structural Castings”, in the Proceedings of the AFS Aluminum Structural Casting Conference, Orlando, FL, published by AFS, November 2-4, 2003. Chapter 6.

03-17         D. Saha, D. Apelian, M. A. Musser, D. Killingsworth, and Z. Brown, “Semi-Solid Metal Casting Process of Hypereutectic Aluminum Alloys”, U.S. patent number 6,994,147 (issued 2/7/2006).

03-18         J. Jorstad, D. Apelian, and M. Makhlouf, “Novel, Slurry-Based, Semi Solid Processing Routes”, In the Proceedings of the Light Metals Technology Conference 2003, September 18-20, 2003. Brisbane, Australia, Editor: Arne Dahle, Published by CAST, 2003, pp. 109-114.

03-19         D. Apelian and M. Makhlouf, “The Metal Processing Institute At WPI: An Example of a Successful Industry/University Alliance”, In the Proceedings of the Light Metals Technology Conference 2003, September 18-20, 2003. Brisbane, Australia, Editor: Arne Dahle, Published by CAST, 2003, pp. 21-26.

03-20         M. Makhlouf, D. Apelian, S. Chaudhury, and C. Bergman, “Heat Treatment of Aluminum Cast Components in Fluidised Beds” In the Proceedings of the Light Metals Technology Conference 2003, September 18-20, 2003. Brisbane, Australia, Editor: Arne Dahle, Published by CAST, 2003, pp. 371-376.

03-21         M. Makhlouf, D. Apelian, L. Wang, and P. Kennedy, “Aluminum Die Casting Alloys: Chemistry-Microstructure-Properties Interactions”, in the Proceedings of the Light Metals Technology Conference 2003, September 18-20, 2003. Brisbane, Australia, Editor: Arne Dahle, Published by CAST, 2003, pp. 191-194.

03-23         J. L. Jorstad, M. Thieman, R. Kamm, M. Lukasson, D. Apelian, R. DasGupta, “Bringing SSM Casting to the Masses”, Modern Casting, Vol. 93, No. 10, October 2003, pp. 34-36

03-25         A. M. de Figueredo, Diran Apelian, M. Findon, and N. Saddock, “Alloy Substantially Free of Dendrites and Method of Forming the Same”, US Patent Number: US2004099351 (May 27, 2004).

2002

02-04         S. Shankar and D. Apelian, “Die Soldering: Mechanism of the Interface Reaction between Molten Aluminum Alloy and Tool Steel”, Met. Trans, Vol. 33B, pp. 465-476 (2002).

02-05         S. Shankar and D. Apelian, “Die Soldering: Effect of Process Parameters and Alloy Characteristics in the Pressure Die Casting Process”, Intl. J. of Cast Metals Res., 2002, Vol. 15, pp.103-116.

02-07         M. Lukasson, D. Apelian, and R. DasGupta, “Alloy Characterization for the UBE Process”, in AFS Transactions 2002, 02-032, pp.1-14.

02-08         D. A. Lados, D. Apelian, and A. M. de Figueredo “Fatigue Performance of High Integrity Cast Aluminum Components”, Advances in Aluminum Casting Technology II, Proceedings from Materials Solutions 2002, Edited by: Murat Tiryakioglu & John Campbell, published by ASM, Metals Park, OH, 2002, pp. 185-196.

02-09         D. Apelian, “Semi-Solid Processing Routes and Microstructure Evolution”, in the Proceedings of the Seventh International Conference titled Advanced Semi-Solid Processing of Alloys and Composites, Tsukuba, Japan, September 24-28, 2002. Published by the Natl. Inst. Of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology, Japan, 2002, pp. 25-30.

02-10         A.N. Alexandrou, P. LeMenn, D. Apelian, G. Georgiou, “On the Reliability of the Semisolid Metal Process:  Effects on the Yield Stress”, in the Proceedings of the Seventh International Conference titled Advanced Semi-Solid Processing of Alloys and Composites, Tsukuba, Japan, September 24-28, 2002. Published by the Natl. Inst. Of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology, Japan, 2002, pp. 503-508.

02-11         A. N. Alexandrou, Q. Pan, D. Apelian, G. Georgiou, “Semisolid Material Characterization Using Computational Rheology”, in the Proceedings of the Seventh International Conference titled Advanced Semi-Solid Processing of Alloys and Composites, Tsukuba, Japan, and September 24-28, 2002. Published by the Natl. Inst. Of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology, Japan, 2002, pp. 417-422.

02-12 D. Saha, D. Apelian and R. DasGupta, ” SSM Processing of Hypereutectic Al-Si Alloy Via Diffusion Solidification” in the Proceedings of the Seventh International Conference titled Advanced Semi-Solid Processing of Alloys and Composites, Tsukuba, Japan, and September 24-28, 2002. Published by the Natl. Inst. Of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology, Japan, 2002, pp. 323-328.

02-13         Q. Pan and D. Apelian “Quantitative Microstructure Characterization of Commercial Semi-Solid Aluminum Alloys”, in the Proceedings of the Seventh International Conference titled Advanced Semi-Solid Processing of Alloys and Composites, Tsukuba, Japan, and September 24-28, 2002. Published by the Natl. Inst. Of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology, Japan, 2002, pp. 563-568.

02-14         Q. Pan, D. Apelian and R. DasGupta ” Yield Stress of Commercial Semi-solid Billets: processing effects and the role of microstructure “, in the Proceedings of the Seventh International Conference titled Advanced Semi-Solid Processing of Alloys and Composites, Tsukuba, Japan, September 24-28, 2002. Published by the Natl. Inst. Of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology, Japan, 2002, pp. 737-742.

02-15         A.M. de Figueredo, M. Findon, D. Apelian, and M.M. Makhlouf, “Melt Mixing Approaches for the Formation of Thixotropic Semi-Solid Metal Structures”, in the Proceedings of the Seventh International Conference titled Advanced Semi-Solid Processing of Alloys and Composites, Tsukuba, Japan, and September 24-28, 2002. Published by the Natl. Inst. Of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology, Japan, 2002, pp. 557-562.

02-17         S. Shankar and D. Apelian, “Mechanism and Preventive Measures for Die Soldering during Al Casting in a Ferrous Mold”, JOM V.54, No. 8, 2002, pp. 47-54