ACRC Processing Laboratory
Melting and Casting: The foundry houses two Inductotherm 35 kW induction furnaces, one capable of 25 kg of iron and copper alloys as well as 50 kg of aluminum. For generation of custom patterns for sand molds wood CNC and carbon fiber reinforced plastic 3D printer are in place. The foundry has several permanent molds for generating tensile testing samples according to ASTM B108/B108M and custom permanent molds for evaluation of castability of aluminum alloys Fluidity, hot tearing, etc.
The metal processing laboratory has a dedicated vacuum arc melting station. We have installed an ARCAST Arc200 vacuum arc melting unit capable of melting high melting point metals in vacuum with electromagnetic stirring for uniform elemental distribution of the alloy melt. Custom copper molds in various shapes with and without water cooling for casting in vacuum are on hand. An additional inert gas atomization chamber for custom alloy small batch powder production is available that attaches to the Arc200.
Furnaces: The lab is also equipped with a Nabertherm convection oven with a maximum operating temperature of 450°C and an envelope of 560 x 750 x 600 mm (WxDxH), a Nabertherm convection furnace with a maximum operating temperature of 850°C and an envelope 350 x 500 x 350 mm (WxDxH), and two Thermolyne 30400 muffle furnaces with a maximum operating temperature of 1080°C and an envelope of 360 x 360 x 360 mm (WxDxH) are available for conducting heat treatment campaigns.
Chemical Analysis: SPECTROLAB S arc spark OES for high accurate rapid metal composition analysis. SPECTRO XEPOS energy dispersive X-ray fluorescence (ED-XRF) spectrometer for analysis of major, minor, and trace element concentrations in bulk and powder samples. SPECTRO xSORT handheld ED-XRF for elemental analysis of large parts.
CT Scanner: VJ Technologies’ Veda CT 450 a x-ray computed tomography(CT) unit is installed equipped with a 450 kV power source for macroCT imageing and a 250 kV power source for microCT imaging.
Microstructural Characterization: The lab houses a full Buehler metallography suite including an IsoMet High Speed Pro precision cutter, a SimpliMet 4000 hot mounting machine, a SimpliVac cold mounting station, a AutoMet 250 automatic polisher, a VibroMet 2 vibratory polisher, and a ElectroMet 4 electro-polisher for sample preparation.
An Olympus GX53 Inverted Metallurgical Microscope with the OLYMPUS Stream image analysis software for metallographic imaging. Additionally, there is also an Olympus LEXTTM OLS5100 3D Laser Scanning Microscope for high resolution 3D surface topology characterization.
Mechanical Testing: VH3300 automatic Vickers/Knoop hardness tester complete with the DiaMet operation software for hardness testing is on hand. Further mechanical characterization of materials can be done in the newly acquired Instron Model 5985 capable of loads up to 250 kN in tension and compression.
Software: The lab has a 16 core software license for Magmasoft which is a casting simulation software capable of predicting fluid flow and solidification behavior of alloys during casting. The sand, permanent mold, low-pressure, and high-pressure die casting modules are available with access to the material libraries for steel, copper, zinc, magnesium, and aluminum alloys. Additionally, PIs has access to a user for ThermoCalc® and Dictra® software, including ThermoCalc, diffusion module, precipitation module, and aluminum alloy and high entropy alloy databases.
Institute for Design and Manufacturing Innovation (IDMI)
IDMI is a research institute within the Samueli School of Engineering with a goal to promote excellence in advanced manufacturing through strategic integration of research, education and community outreach. IDMI maintains state-of-the-art manufacturing facilities, with equipment available to UCI researchers, students, industrial partners, and members of the community. IDMI’s two distinct facilities are (1) RapidTech and (2) FABWorks. IDMI has a Machine Shop that supports researchers, students, and course requirements.
RapidTech is IDMI’s high-end facility, featuring some of the most advanced manufacturing equipment on the market, with a clear emphasis on additive manufacturing (3D printing) technologies. RapidTech owns and operates high-end equipment for nearly every additive manufacturing process, from Material Extrusion, Vat Polymerization, Binder Jetting, Material Jetting and Powder Bed Fusion (metals and polymers). Laser cutters, 3-D scanners and subtractive equipment are also available. RapidTech offers a variety of educational and training modules to students and industrial clients, and provides state-ofthe-art multimaterial, multiscale processes to support research and development at all levels. The equipment at RapidTech is primarily used for research, graduate education, advanced professional training and industrial services but also to support undergrad classes and activities. Equipment highlights include:
Stratasys Fortus 450MC 3D printer
Stratasys Objet Connex3 3D printer
SLM 125HL metal 3D printer
Trotec Speedy 360 laser cutter
GOM ATOS laser scanner
Shop Sabre 4860 CNC Machine
Within the RapidTech facility lies the Saratech Suite. In a new partnership with Saratech, an award-winning provider of engineering and manufacturing solutions including Product Lifecycle Management (PLM) software, engineering and consulting services, and manufacturing hardware headquartered in Mission Viejo, CA, IDMI has broadened its additive manufacturing portfolio to include HP, Markforged, and BigRep. The partnership has brought a production capable HP Jet Fusion 4200 3D printer and depowdering station capable of high-speed polyamide prints, access to the continuous fiber reinforced polymer parts capable Markforged Mark Two and X7 that bring carbon fiber, Kevlar, and fiberglass to the mix, as well as the Bigrep Studio for large platform, open material extruded builds. In addition, IDMI has access to the atomic diffusion additive manufacturing Markforged MetalX that uses polymer bound metal powders along with wash and sintering stages to create high detail metal components.
HP4200 Jet fusion3D printer
Markforged X7 3D printer
BigRep Studio 3D printer
The mission of FABWorks is to reinvent the way people create and innovate, offering a space where students, faculty and the community can design and fabricate almost anything. Among FABWorks’ prosumer grade (above consumer grade) equipment are 3D printers and laser scanners, computer-controlled milling machines, laser cutters, electronics development and diagnostics equipment, industrial sewing machines and more. The FABWorks space offers expanded opportunities for those interested in hands-on, advanced-manufacturing experience and creates a hub where creativity can propel next-generation technologies. FABWorks offers training to member of UCI and the community as a whole.
Flashforge 3D printer
Ultimaker 3D printer
Lulzbot TAZ6 3D printer
Epilog Fusion M2 laser cutter
Epilog Mini laser cutter
Next Engine 3D scanner
Shop Sabre 3636 CNC
CAMM-1 Vinyl cutter
Samueli School of Engineering Machine and Weld Shops
The IDMI also oversees the Machine Shop and Weld Shops, which supports researchers, student clubs, and course requirements. Shop manager and instructor, Tyler Schuldt, is available to provide technical support to faculty and students working in the shops. Mills, lathes, and welding equipment are available for use. Machines are available on a walk-in basis (excluding in-session class instruction) or on a reserve request. The Machine Shop is generally stocked with tools in imperial units including various taps of generic sizes.
Irvine Materials Research Institute (IMRI)
IMRI operates university-wide shared user facilities that offer a wide range of materials characterization instrumentation and techniques including Transmission Electron Microscopes (TEM); Scanning Electron Microscopes-Focused Ion Beam systems (SEM-FIB); X-ray Diffractometers (XRD); surface analysis; 3D imaging and analysis; and thermal, elemental, mechanical, physical and rheological property measurements, together with comprehensive specimen preparation facilities. IMRI provides training and staff support. On-site users reserve instrument time on the IMRI website. IMRI staff includes seven Ph.D. level scientists who oversee all activities within the IMRI facility.
Within IMRI, there are three user facilities: 1) Center for Transmission Electron Microscopy (CTEM); 2) Laboratory for Electron and X-ray Instrumentation (LEXI); and 3) Thermal, Elemental, Mechanical, Physical and Rheological (TEMPR) facility. The capabilities and unique characteristics of the instruments within these facilities are summarized as follows:
Center for Transmission Electron Microscopy (CTEM)
- Nion aberration-corrected UltraSTEM 200 with a monochromated EELS system
- JEOL double spherical aberration-corrected JEM-ARM300CF “Grand ARM”
- JEOL JEM-2100F Cryo-TEM
- JEOL JEM-2800 S/TEM
- TESCAN GAIA-3 XMH integrated focused ion beam-FESEM
Laboratory for Electron and X-ray Instrumentation (LEXI)
Laboratory for Electron and X-ray Instrumentation (LEXI) was established in 2009. LEXI houses 6 new major instruments together with a full set of sample preparation equipment and provides strong capabilities for sub-nanometer surface imaging, cross-section imaging, environmental SEM imaging, electron back-scattering imaging and diffraction, composition analysis, grain orientation analysis, electron beam and ion beam lithography, nano-scale electrical probing, crystal structure determination, texture study, phase transformation study, MEMS in-plane and out-plane vibration study and various metal depositions.
- The FEI Magellan 400 SEM
- FEI Quanta 3D FEG dual-beam SEM/FIB
- Rigaku Ultima III XRD
- The Polytech MSA-500 Micro System Analyzer
- Angstrom Engineering EvoVac glovebox-integrated thermal and electron beam evaporator
3) Thermal, Elemental, Mechanical, Physical and Rheological (TEMPR) Facility
The newly established TEMPR Facility (mid-2019) is a world-class shared laboratory for the physical property characterization and elemental analysis of bulk and thin-film biological, soft, and hard materials. The facility houses a suite of state-of-the-art characterization instruments capable of measuring materials thermal, elemental, mechanical, physical, and rheological properties.